Mine Surveying

Mine surveying is a branch of mining science and technology. It includes all measurements, calculations and mapping which serve the purpose of ascertaining and documenting information at all stages from prospecting to exploitation and utilizing mineral deposits both by surface and underground working.

The following are the principal activities of Mine surveying:

  • The interpretation of the geology of mineral deposits in relation to the economic exploitation thereof
  • The investigation and negotiation of mineral mining rights
  • Making and recording, and calculations of mine surveying measurements
  • Mining cartography
  • Investigation and prediction of effects of mine working on the surface and underground strata
  • Mine planning in the context of local environment and subsequent rehabilitation

The activities involve:

  • The location, structure, configuration, dimensions and characteristics of the mineral deposits and of the adjoining rocks and overlying strata. The assessment of mineral resreves and the economics of their exploitation
  • The acquisitation, sale, lease and management of mineral properties
  • Providing the basis of the planning, direction and control of mine workings to ensure economical and safe mining operations
  • The study of rock and ground movements caused by mining operations, their prediction, and the precautions and remedial treatment of subsidence damage
  • Assisting in planning and rehabilitation of land affected by mineral operations and collaborating with local government planning authorities